Ventricular septal defect (VSD) nursing NCLEX review over the pathophysiology, signs and symptoms, complications, nursing interventions, and treatments. What is a ventricular septal defect (VSD)? It’s a congenital heart defect that occurs when a “hole” forms in the ventricular septum. This causes an increase in blood flow to the lungs. There are four types of ventricular septal defects: -Membranous: a hole is found at the upper section of the ventricular septum and is very close to the tricuspid and aortic valves (Notes: if the hole is found too close to the valves, the valves can become damaged and lead to regurgitation…example aortic valve etc.) -Muscular: found at the lower part of the septum in the muscle layer. Small muscular VSDs have a high chance of closing on their own. -Outlet (conal or subarterial): found at structures where blood is leaving the heart around the pulmonic and aortic valve location...hence the name “outlet” (not as common) -Inlet (atrioventricular canal): found at structures where blood is entering the heart around the tricuspid and bicuspid valve (mitral) Pathophysiology of a ventricular septal defect includes heart failure and pulmonary hypertension due to a left to right shunt of blood. Please watch the video for an in-depth review of this. If a VSD is left untreated, it can lead to Eisenmenger Syndrome, which is the reversal of blood shunting in the heart right to left. This will lead to cyanosis and clubbing of the nails. Signs and symptoms of a VSD include heart murmur (pansystolic/holosystolic), decrease in weight or growth, swelling in the extremities, difficulty breathing, and frequent lungs infections etc. Nursing intervention for a VSD include monitoring heart rate, rhythm, and sounds, administering medications (digoxin, diuretics, ACE inhibitors), monitoring for infection, nutrition etc. Quiz: http://www.registerednursern.com/ventricular-septal-defect-vsd-nclex-questions/ Super Cool Nursing Gear: https://teespring.com/stores/registerednursern Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/RegisteredNurseRNs/ Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/registerednursern_com/ Twitter: https://twitter.com/NursesRN #vsd #congenitalheartdefects #nclex Subscribe: http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=registerednursern Nursing School Supplies: http://www.registerednursern.com/the-ultimate-list-of-nursing-medical-supplies-and-items-a-new-nurse-student-nurse-needs-to-buy/ Popular Playlists: NCLEX Reviews: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLQrdx7rRsKfWtwCDmLHyX2UeHofCIcgo0 Fluid & Electrolytes: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLQrdx7rRsKfWJSZ9pL8L3Q1dzdlxUzeKv Nursing Skills: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLQrdx7rRsKfUhd_qQYEbp0Eab3uUKhgKb Nursing School Study Tips: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLQrdx7rRsKfWBO40qeDmmaMwMHJEWc9Ms Nursing School Tips & Questions" https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLQrdx7rRsKfVQok-t1X5ZMGgQr3IMBY9M Teaching Tutorials: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLQrdx7rRsKfUkW_DpJekN_Y0lFkVNFyVF Types of Nursing Specialties: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLQrdx7rRsKfW8dRD72gUFa5W7XdfoxArp Healthcare Salary Information: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLQrdx7rRsKfVN0vmEP59Tx2bIaB_3Qhdh New Nurse Tips: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLQrdx7rRsKfVTqH6LIoAD2zROuzX9GXZy Nursing Career Help: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLQrdx7rRsKfVXjptWyvj2sx1k1587B_pj EKG Teaching Tutorials: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLQrdx7rRsKfU-A9UTclI0tOYrNJ1N5SNt Dosage & Calculations for Nurses: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLQrdx7rRsKfUYdl0TZQ0Tc2-hLlXlHNXq Diabetes Health Managment: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLQrdx7rRsKfXtEx17D7zC1efmWIX-iIs9
An ventricular septal defect is a hole between the two ventricles of the heart. Normally this hole is present at birth but closes within a few days of life. Failure of this hole to close is called a ventricular septal defect, and usually is asymptomatic (no obvious symptoms are present). Created by Leslie Samuel. Watch the next lesson: https://www.khanacademy.org/test-prep/nclex-rn/rn-cardiovascular-diseases/rn-non-cyanotic-heart-diseases/v/patent-ductus-arteriosus?utm_source=YT&utm_medium=Desc&utm_campaign=Nclex-rn Missed the previous lesson? https://www.khanacademy.org/test-prep/nclex-rn/rn-cardiovascular-diseases/rn-non-cyanotic-heart-diseases/v/atrial-septal-defect?utm_source=YT&utm_medium=Desc&utm_campaign=Nclex-rn NCLEX-RN on Khan Academy: A collection of questions from content covered on the NCLEX-RN. These questions are available under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License (available at http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/us/). About Khan Academy: Khan Academy offers practice exercises, instructional videos, and a personalized learning dashboard that empower learners to study at their own pace in and outside of the classroom. We tackle math, science, computer programming, history, art history, economics, and more. Our math missions guide learners from kindergarten to calculus using state-of-the-art, adaptive technology that identifies strengths and learning gaps. We've also partnered with institutions like NASA, The Museum of Modern Art, The California Academy of Sciences, and MIT to offer specialized content. For free. For everyone. Forever. #YouCanLearnAnything Subscribe to Khan Academy’s NCLEX-RN channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCDx5cTeADCvKWgF9x_Qjz3g?sub_confirmation=1 Subscribe to Khan Academy: https://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=khanacademy
Connect with a specialist: http://bit.ly/2D5w2ab More about our Heart Center: http://bit.ly/2D36GtC Approximately 2,000 babies are born each year with Atrial Septal Defect (ASD), a condition where a child has an abnormally large hole between the chambers of the heart after birth. This video shows the most common type of ASD and the different ways and ASD might be repaired.
http://www.cincinnatichildrens.org/health/a/avsd/ Atrioventricular septal defects (AVSD) are a relatively common family of congenital heart defects. Also known as atrioventricular canal defects or endocardial cushion defects, they account for about 5 percent of all congenital heart disease, and are most common in infants with Down syndrome. Heart models and animation were developed by the Cincinnati Children's Heart Institute in conjunction with Cincinnati Children's Critical Care Media Lab. http://www.cincinnatichildrens.org/service/h/heart-institute/default/ Credits: Medialab at Cincinnati Children’s Animation: Jeff Cimprich and Ren Wilkey Medialab Direction and additional content expertise: Ken Tegtmeyer, MD Content Experts: Ryan Moore, MD and Michael Taylor, MD Voiceover: Peace (Chike) Madueme, MD
Congenital heart defects: VSD: Pathology, Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment. Support us on Patreon and get FREE downloads and other great rewards: patreon.com/AlilaMedicalMedia This video and other related images/videos (in HD) are available for instant download licensing here: https://www.alilamedicalmedia.com/-/galleries/images-videos-by-medical-specialties/cardiology-and-vascular-diseases ©Alila Medical Media. All rights reserved. Voice by Sue Stern All images/videos by Alila Medical Media are for information purposes ONLY and are NOT intended to replace professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Always seek the advice of a qualified healthcare provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Ventricular septal defect, or VSD, refers to an OPENING in the interventricular septum that separates the two ventricles of the heart. In normal circulation, oxygen-poor blood from the body returns to the RIGHT side of the heart where it is pumped into the pulmonary artery and to the lungs. After being oxygenated, oxygen-rich blood from the lungs returns to the LEFT side of the heart to be pumped into the aorta and out to the body. A VSD allows ABnormal blood flow between the two ventricles. The NET flow of blood, called a SHUNT, is usually from LEFT to RIGHT due to significantly HIGHER blood pressure in the LEFT side of the heart. This is because the left side has to pump blood all over the body while the right side only needs to send it to the lungs. If the defect is small, the shunt is negligible and does not result in any symptoms. A large defect, on the other hand, may OVERLOAD the right side of the heart, causing it to FAIL. Heart failure symptoms usually appear during the first few weeks of life and include: fatigue, shortness of breath, difficulty feeding and poor growth. Without treatment, other complications may also occur. As the right ventricle continuously pumps MORE blood to the lungs, the entire pulmonary vasculature may be overloaded and pulmonary HYPERtension may result. To OVERCOME the high pressure in the lungs, the right ventricle has to generate even HIGHER pressure, which eventually becomes GREATER than that of the LEFT ventricle. This REVERSES the direction of the shunt, causing oxygen-POOR blood to flow from RIGHT to LEFT and be sent to all tissues of the body. The resulting oxygen DEPRIVATION may be seen as a BLUISH skin color, known as CYANOSIS. A VSD can happen alone or in combination with other congenital defects in conditions such as Down syndrome, or tetralogy of Fallot. The cause is unknown but likely to involve both genetic and environmental factors. The turbulence of abnormal blood flow in VSD produces heart murmurs, which can be heard using a stethoscope. Diagnosis is confirmed by echocardiography. VSD is the most common congenital heart defect in infants, but the defect is small in most cases. Small defects usually close on their own in early childhood and no treatment is needed. Large defects that produce symptoms usually require surgical closure in the first year of life.
*Subscribe for more great NCLEX videos: https://www.goo.gl/8mBXbY Cardiac conditions can affect individuals at a very young age…In this video we will look at some common cardiac conditions of childhood. A Congenital Heart Defect is when the heart or blood vessels near the heart don’t develop normally before birth. There are at least 18 specific types of congenital heart defects, but diagnosis and treatments continue to advance, making it possible to fix most problems. Some common heart defects you may come across include… Aortic valve stenosis, Pulmonary valve stenosis, Atrial septal defect (ASD), Ventricular Septal Defect (VSD) Get a NCLEX Study Guide: https://goo.gl/b5dLD3 Learn with NCLEX Flash Cards: https://www.flashcardsecrets.com/nclex/ Free NCLEX Practice Questions: http://www.mometrix.com/academy/nclex-exam/ STAY IN TOUCH! Like NCLEX Prep Facebook Page: https://www.facebook.com/MometrixNCLEX/ Follow our NCLEX Twitter Account: https://twitter.com/MometrixNCLEX NCLEX Pinterest Board: https://goo.gl/NbA2CP
Tetralogy of Fallot nursing NCLEX review lecture on congenital heart disease defects in pedicatrics/children. Tetralogy of Fallot is a congenital heart defect that is characterized by FOUR structural defects. The structural defects of tetralogy of fallot include: right ventricular hypertrophy, aorta displacement, pulmonic stenosis, and ventricular septal defect (VSD) Signs and symptoms of Tetralogy of Fallot include: activity intolerance, tet spells (cyanosis), shortness of breath, increase respiratory rate, fatigue and faints easily, failure to thrive (small for age, not meeting developmental milestone, weight loss), trouble feeding, cardiac murmur (harsh systolic murmur and systolic thrill) Nursing care: treating tet spells, which includes placing the patient in a knee-to-chest position WHY? This increase systemic vascular resistance and helps decrease the right to left shunting in the heart. Quiz: http://www.registerednursern.com/tetralogy-fallot-nclex-questions/ Notes: http://www.registerednursern.com/tetralogy-fallot-nclex-questions/ More Ped Reviews: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FugzsYln-8E&list=PLQrdx7rRsKfXmfA3CoozS5N767bLpnrbm *Buy our nursing gear designed by Nurse Sarah: https://teespring.com/stores/registerednursern* Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/RegisteredNurseRNs Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/registerednursern_com/ Twitter: https://twitter.com/NursesRN #tetralogyoffallot #congenitalheartdefects #pediatric #nclex Subscribe: http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=registerednursern Popular Playlists: NCLEX Reviews: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLQrdx7rRsKfWtwCDmLHyX2UeHofCIcgo0 Fluid & Electrolytes: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLQrdx7rRsKfWJSZ9pL8L3Q1dzdlxUzeKv Nursing Skills: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLQrdx7rRsKfUhd_qQYEbp0Eab3uUKhgKb Nursing School Study Tips: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLQrdx7rRsKfWBO40qeDmmaMwMHJEWc9Ms Nursing School Tips & Questions" https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLQrdx7rRsKfVQok-t1X5ZMGgQr3IMBY9M Teaching Tutorials: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLQrdx7rRsKfUkW_DpJekN_Y0lFkVNFyVF Types of Nursing Specialties: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLQrdx7rRsKfW8dRD72gUFa5W7XdfoxArp Healthcare Salary Information: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLQrdx7rRsKfVN0vmEP59Tx2bIaB_3Qhdh New Nurse Tips: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLQrdx7rRsKfVTqH6LIoAD2zROuzX9GXZy Nursing Career Help: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLQrdx7rRsKfVXjptWyvj2sx1k1587B_pj EKG Teaching Tutorials: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLQrdx7rRsKfU-A9UTclI0tOYrNJ1N5SNt Dosage & Calculations for Nurses: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLQrdx7rRsKfUYdl0TZQ0Tc2-hLlXlHNXq Diabetes Health Managment: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLQrdx7rRsKfXtEx17D7zC1efmWIX-iIs9
If you find this useful like, share, comment and subscribe…. Details of VSD with Nursing Management..... introduction, definition, related anatomy, causes, pathophysiology, clinical manifestations, treatment, prevention, complications, nursing management, conclusion of ventricular septal defect
Please visit: www.openpediatrics.org OPENPediatrics™ is an interactive digital learning platform for healthcare clinicians sponsored by Boston Children's Hospital and in collaboration with the World Federation of Pediatric Intensive and Critical Care Societies. It is designed to promote the exchange of knowledge between healthcare providers around the world caring for critically ill children in all resource settings. The content includes internationally recognized experts teaching the full range of topics on the care of critically ill children. All content is peer-reviewed and open access-and thus at no expense to the user. For further information on how to enroll, please email: email@example.com Please note: OPENPediatrics does not support nor control any related videos in the sidebar, these are placed by Youtube. We apologize for any inconvenience this may cause. Children with congenital heart disease often present in one of three pathophysiological states. Low cardiac output. This occurs when there's a heart defect that obstructs the flow of blood from the heart, or when the heart muscle is unable to pump effectively. Congestive heart failure. This often occurs when there is a heart defect that causes an increase in blood flow to the lungs. Cyanosis. This occurs when there is a heart defect that causes a decrease in blood flow to the lungs. On admission, a full cardiac assessment should be completed. This includes a comprehensive history that should identify if there was a prenatal diagnosis or any significant birth and genetic history. A complete set of vital signs should be done as a baseline, and a set of blood pressures in all four extremities should be done to evaluate for any gradient within the aorta. The physical exam includes evaluation of general color, body temperature, evaluation of heart sounds, and the presence of any murmurs, assessment of the liver will indicate if there is an overload of fluid on the right side of the heart, and the quality and strength of pulses. Diagnostic tests should include a chest radiograph, an electrocardiogram. Other tests may include an echocardiogram or a cardiac catheterization.